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Singles Figure Skating

Singles figure skating is a sport in which solo skaters perform jumps, spins, and intricate footwork. Popular jumps include double, or triple axels, flip jumps, salchow jumps, and lutz jumps. In competition, there are two different dance routines that participants perform: the short dance, which is approximately three minutes long, and the free dance, which is approximately four minutes long. In the short dance, participants are required by the judges to incorporate specific elements, such as jumps and spins, and have minimal freedom over choreography. In comparison, the free dance is an opportunity for participants to demonstrate creativity as they have more freedom to design their own choreography. Routines are judged and scored based on the code of points, which is calculated by combining the technical element and the program component score. Female skaters are required to wear either a dress with tights or a skirt and male skaters are required to wear full length trousers.

Is this activity known by any other names?

Singles Skating

What are the origins of the activity abroad and in Canada?

Ice skating, using bladed skates, grew as a recreational activity in Europe with the invention of iron blades in the 17th Century. In 1772, a British book was published that described some forms of figure skating and differentiated figure skating from speed skating. Early figure skating was rigid and stiff, and it was not until the late-1800s that a more artistic form of the sport was developed. Initially called "fancy skating," this form of skating incorporated dance and ballet elements. Fancy skating grew in popularity in Canada in the late-1800s, and in 1939 the Canadian Figure Skating Association (now Skate Canada) was formed in 1939. Figure skating was the first winter sport to be included in the Olympic programme, debuting in 1908.

Who takes part?

Males and females of diverse ages and ethnocultural backgrounds. Most competitors are youth or young adults.

When does it occur / How often do you take part?

Recreational and competitive figure skating occurs year round at ice rinks across the GTA.

Are there any organized clubs, groups, organizations or leagues?

Central Toronto Skating Club; Forest Hill Figure Skating Club; North Toronto Skating Club; Leaside Skating Club; East York Skating Club; Newmarket Skating Club; Skate Oakville

Cultural Significance


Is there anything else we should know?



Exercise System

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