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Croquet is a physical game that involves using a mallet to hit balls through hoops embedded in a grass court. Players attempt to hit their wooden balls along the ground through hoops (called “wickets”) in the correct sequence, finishing by hitting an upright wooden peg. In North America, croquet is commonly played with either six or nine wickets positioned in a set sequence in the court. While a full size court measures 32m by 26.6m, recreational games are frequently played on outdoor surfaces of diverse sizes at parks, beaches, or in backyards. The game may be played in singles (one player vs. one player) or doubles (two teams of two players).

Is this activity known by any other names?


What are the origins of the activity abroad and in Canada?

Croquet was developed in Western Europe, most notably France, and variations of the game may have bene played as early as the late Middle Ages. By the early 17th Century, the modern game of croquet was commonly played in England, becoming particularly popular as a social pastime in the 19th Century and spreading to British colonies, including Canada. In North America, croquet's popularity waned in the years following World War One, but has enjoyed a growth in popularity since the 1970s.

Who takes part?

Males and females of diverse ages and ethnocultural backgrounds.

When does it occur / How often do you take part?

Croquet tends to be played in the spring and summer, when grass surfaces are exposed. Indoor variations may allow for year round play.

Are there any organized clubs, groups, organizations or leagues?

North Toronto Croquet Club; Lawrence Park Lawn Bowling and Croquet Club; Toronto Cricket Club

Cultural Significance


Is there anything else we should know?



Physical Game

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