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Ultimate is a non-contact field sport played by two teams comprised of seven players. A flying disc, made of plastic, is passed around the field. Points are scored by passing the disc to a team member who is position inside the opposing team’s endzone. Players are not allowed to take steps while holding the disc, and incomplete passes and passes out of bounds cause a turnover. At all levels of play, ultimate emphasizes a "spirit of the game" based on sportsmanship and friendly competition. Except at elite competitions, in which sideline officials call some fouls, there are no officials and players self-referee and resolve disputes themselves.

Is this activity known by any other names?

Ultimate Frisbee; Ultimate flying-disc; Flatball

What are the origins of the activity abroad and in Canada?

The sport started in American university campuses by university students. In 1975 ultimate was played at the Canadian Open Frisbee Championships in Toronto. Subsequently, Ultimate League began in Toronto in 1979.

Who takes part?

Males and females of diverse ages and ethnocultural backgrounds. Co-ed teams and leagues are extremely common.

When does it occur / How often do you take part?

Ultimate season occurs in the late spring, summer, and early fall. An indoor adaptation, speedpoint ultimate, is played in the winter.

Are there any organized clubs, groups, organizations or leagues?

Toronto Ultimate Club; Hamilton Ultimate Club; Toronto Sport and Social Club; Durham Ultimate Club; Brampton Ultimate Club

Cultural Significance


Is there anything else we should know?




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